Properties and States of Matter Vocabulary
Physical Property - a characteristic of a substance that can be observed and measured without changing the identity of the substance.
Physical Change - when a substance’s physical properties change but it is still the same substance
Chemical Property - a substance’s ability to change into a new substance with different properties.
Chemical Change - reaction occurs and a new substance is formed and energy is given off or absorbed.
Phase Change - a physical change that results in a substance changing from one state of matter into another.
Solid - state of matter that has a fixed volume and shape.
Liquid - state of matter that has a fixed volume but it adapts to the shape of the container.
Gas - state of matter that has no fixed shape or volume.
Plasma - state of matter that contains particles that are electrically charged.
Freezing - when matter changes from a liquid to a solid
Melting - when matter changes from a solid to a liquid
Condensation - when matter changes from a gas to a liquid
Evaporation - when matter changes from a liquid to a gas
Boiling - a rapid change from a liquid to a gas that occurs throughout the entire liquid and not just at the surface.
Sublimation - when matter changes from a solid to a gas
Deposition- when matter changes from a gas to a solid
Viscosity - how much a liquid resists flowing or moving